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All about Japan List
Japanese Holidays,Lifestyle,
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All about Japan List


 
      
 【Japanese Culture】
Kabuki
This is one of the representative traditional theater forms in Kyoto.Later, those performances gradually became to put emphasis on artistry, and was perfected as composite art that brought together theater, classical Japanese dance, and music. It is principally characterized by that even the female roles are played by male actors.
Noh
Noh is a performing art with plot and is Japan's oldest form of musical theater.The story is spoken in a recitation known as utai, and the roles are divided into the leading role of shite(actor) and the supporting role of waki(a deuteragonist, meaning "bystander" or "onlooker"). The actors wear lacquer-coated masks made of wood and colorful brocade costumes.
Kyogen
Kyogen is classical Japanese comic theater,At first, Kyogen plays were performed in the intervals between Noh plays, but now they are staged independently and sometimes Kyogen actors take roles in Noh plays.In addition, in contrast to Noh which centers on chanting and dance, Kyogen's outstanding characteristic is the spoken lines accompanied by dramatic movement.
Rakugo (Comic storytelling)
Rakugo, a vaudeville performance developed in the Edo Period(1603-1867), is performed in entertainment halls called yose. The rakugo artist sits on stage on a dais, wearing a kimono, and performs his humorous piece solo, with puns and wordplay, usually in the form of a dialogue. The main feature is applying the "punch line" at the end of the piece.
Manzai (Comic dialogue)
This is a kind of vaudeville performance in which two comedians as a team make spectators laugh by their humorous verbal exchanges.The two comedians divide their comic roles and entertain the spectators with the skillfulness of their humorous, ad-libed exchanges. Like rakugo storytellers, manzai artists appear regularly on television variety shows.
Ukiyoe (Pictures of the floating world)
Ukiyoe are paintings developed in the Edo Period(1603-1867), most of which became widespread as woodblock prints.beautiful women, actors and sumo wrestlers--landscapes and the living conditions of the common people were also illustrated. Famous by kitagawa Utamaro, by to TOSHUSAI Sharaku, and landscapes by KATSUSHIKA Hokusai.
Kado,Ikebana (Flower arrangement)
This is a traditional Japanese art that has flourished since the sixteenth century. Its fundamental concept is to express the three elements of heaven, earth, and mankind in a balanced composition,using natural flowers. The general style is to fill a wide-mouthed, simple vase with water, and stick and heap up the flowers on kenzan, that is a metallic plate.
Sado (Tea ceremony)
Sado, also called chado or cha no yu, is the traditional etiquette of preparing and drinking tea when one has guests. In sado, special powdered tea, different from ordinary Japanese tea is chiefly used.To make the encounter important, the host prepares with deep sincerity implements such as a hanging scroll or flowers to put in the alcove or the teacups.
Shodo (Calligraphy)
Shodo is the art of drawing characters with a brush and India ink to express spiritual depth and beauty. Shodo originally came from China, but in Japan , to create this unique character art.Except for New Year's cards and the like, a brush is ordinarily not used for writing, but shodo is included in the elementary school curriculum.
Haiku (Poems in seventeen syllables)
Haiku is poetry structured in the set form of 17 syllables, arranged in groups of 5, 7,and 5.MATSUO Basho established its present form.Because haiku can express the beauty of nature and the depths of the human heart in a brief form, it now has spread throughout the world and in the United States it is even part of one's education.
Bonsai (Potted dwarf tree)
Bonsai are miniaturized potted plants and trees for aesthetic appreciation and are an art form unique to Japan.To complete the ideal shape requires a considerable amount of knowledge and labor. In Japan, it is chiefly taken up as a hobby by those in middle and old age, while in the United States it is also popular among young people.
Nihon-teien (Japanese gardens)
Nihon-teien, compared to Western gardens that are laid out geometrically, are laid out placing importance on the natural view. They mainly imitate of the natural world, with heaped-up earth likened to mountains, ponds to oceans, and with rivers made by drawing water; some also incorporate a tea garden with arranged stepping stones and stools.
Kimono
Kimono are generally worn for such occasions as special ceremonies and parties, while Western clothes are almost always worn for daily activities. However, recently the beauty and fashionableness of kimono are being revaluated. There are several kinds of ceremonial kimono. The prime ceremonial kimono for unmarried women is long-sleeved kimono.
 
      
 【Japanese Life Style】
Nengajo(New Year's card)
This is a card sent as a greeting for the new year. It usually has a picture of an animal appropriately corresponding with that year's sexagenary cycle(eto) and is sent so that it arrives on New Year's Day. Government post cards indicating a New Year's gift are popular, because the prize is awarded by lottery.
Shochu-mimai(Postcard asking after one's health in the summer)Shochumimai is a postcard sent to greet someone from around July 15th until the setting in of fall around August 8th. If it is sent after that, it is called a postcard asking after one's health in the lingering summer.Because the Japanese summer with its high heat and humidity frequently saps the body's strength and destroys its tone
Ochugen(Midyear present)
The custom of afterwards sharing with relatives and others items, first offered up to spirits of the dead, changed into the current custom of courteously exchanging gifts. Consequently, chugen today principally refers to gifts that individuals and businesses send from early in July to July 15th to people to whom they are indebted.
Oseibo(Year-end present)
This is a gift sent in the middle of December. Compared with the chugen gift, this one signifies gratitude for kindnesses throughout the year,so it costs somewhat more than chugen. Early in December stores begin to get crowded with people buying gifts, and that hustle and bustle is a part of the year-end scenery that gives a real sense of the approaching new year.
Okaeshi(Return gift)
Giving a gift in return is called okaeshi. Exchanging gifts remains strongly entrenched to preserve the harmony of human relationships. There are general standards of when and how both to give gifts and give them in return.A person receiving gifts without doing okaeshi and not sending gifts when they should be sent is regarded as being ignorant of moral obligation.
Otoshidama(New Year's gift)
In Japan, adults are supposed to give money gift to their children or grandchildren including relatives'children or friend's children on New Year's Day. This custom is known as so-called'otoshidama'.Money is handed out in small,beautifully decorated envelopes called 'pochibukuro,' which is similar to Chinese red envelopes.
Bonenkai(Year-end party)
Bonenkai means a party occurring in December to drink sake and forget that year's hard labor .Originally, it took place as a gathering for family, relatives and friends, but now groups from the workplace and people, sharing the same interest in amusement, go as units to Japanese bars and restaurants and sometimes even to karaoke to celebrate together in lively enjoyment.
Inkan(Seal)
Inkan is a small cylindrical object, 1~2 cm in diameter and 5~6 cm in length, with one's name in stylized Chinese characters carved into the surface of one end.In Europe and North America, a person's signature is regarded as important, but in Japan the inkan is in place of the signature.
Meishi(Business cards)
On a meishi, one's full name, company name, job title, company address, phone number and so on are printed. Business intercourses in Japan begin with the exchange of business cards.In the past, most meishi came in a standard design, but recently, to enhance individual appeal, meishi with all sorts of elaborate designs on quality paper, in color and layout have come to be used.
Tsukin-densya(Commuter trains)
Tsukin-densha in large Japanese cities are notorious around the world for being terribly crowded. To solve the congestion, four-track lines have been laid, but this has not resulted in fundamental improvement. Particularly in Tokyo, which is overpopulated, high land prices and the commuter rush hour have produced concrete discussions on moving the capital.
Kekkonshiki(Wedding ceremonies)
There are the formal meeting with a view to marriage by which a go-between introduces the man and woman, and the presents, which are gifts of money and goods that the two families exchange that an engagement exists. There is also the exchanges of nuptial cups ritual during the marriage ceremony in which the bride and groom, using a set of three sake cups.
Soshiki(Funerals)
When a close relative dies, people go into mourning and keep both mind and body clean for 49 days following the death. Subsequently, memorial services are held at each designated time, for instance, the first anniversary and the seventh anniversary, and the dead was thought to become a god and join the ancestors only after 33 to 50 years had passed.
Jinja (Shinto shrines)
Shinto shrines are buildings where Shinto deities are enshrined.All Shinto shrines are thronged with worshippers for the first temple or shrine visit of the New Year. In addition, they visit the shrines on such occasions as newborn infant's shrine visit, to cerebrate the gala day for children of three, five and seven years of age, and to offer prayers.
Tera (Buddhist temples)
Buddhist temples are where priests and nuns reside to practice ascetic exercises and Buddhist ceremony, and Buddhist images are enshrined. At the entrances are two-story temple gates, then come buildings such as the main temple, an auditorium, a pagoda, a bell tower. Almost all the roofs are tiled. Most graves are set within the temple site in Japan.
Hatsumode (First temple or shrine visit of the New Year)
Hatsumode is the first visit to a Buddhist temple or Shinto shrine in a new year. There is the custom of making visits to temples or shrines at New Year, in order to pray for health and happiness in the new year. On the occasion of hatsumode, people give money offerings, draw lots for written oracles, and buy good luck charms.
Matsuri(Festivals)
Japanese festivals are roughly divided into two kinds. Traditionally-held festivals are that in which Shinto deities and the people communicate through certain rites on specific dates. Formalities vary, for these festivals are mixed with a diversity of folk beliefs, yet they are invariably held in any region in Japan where there is a shrine.
Ennichi (Fairs)
Ennichi are the days connected to certain Shinto or Buddhist deities. It is said that there will be special returns to the prayers offered on these days at shrines or temples of those deities. A crowd of people gather on these occasions, but most have no particular consciousness of the religious background and come to enjoy the lines of street stalls.
 
      
 【COOL JAPAN】
Maneki Neko
What is that cat!?A cute little cat doll with its paw raised is often found sitting in souvenir shops and folk craft shops. This cat doll is called Maneki Neko (beckoning or welcoming cat) and it is popular in Japan as a lucky charm that invites happiness. It is said that the one with its right paw raised invites money and the one with its left paw raised invites people.
Daruma
Daruma has a design that is rich in symbolism and is regarded more as a good luck to the Japanese. Daruma dolls are seen as a symbol of perseverance and good luck, making them a popular gift of encouragement.The eyes of Daruma are often blank when sold.The recipient of the doll fills in one eye upon setting the goal, then the other upon fulfilling it.
Kokeshi
Wooden Kokeshi doll has unique figure with a round head on a long cylindrical body. It was originally a girls’ toy. But the rich variety of its designs and shapes was revaluated and it has become an ornamental doll for adults to enjoy. Many souvenir shops that have Kokeshi dolls are found on the Nakamise shopping street in Asakusa, Tokyo.
Mascot Characters
All over Japan, mascot characters are commonly used by communities to lend a symbolic presence to a major event: Japanese people being lovers of anime and cartoon characters, these mascots are highly popular everywhere. they’re instantly surrounded by crowds and exclaiming “kawaii!” (how cute!) and have their pictures taken with the characters.
Anime & Cosplay in Akihabara
Japanese pop culture, in the form of anime,is highly popular all over the world today. Acclaimed abroad for its highly detailed drawing and Japanese anime, together with the word “kawaii,” has spread across national borders. Cosplay, which combines the words “costume” and “play” (in the sense of playful acting), is also a popular in Akihabara,Tokyo.
Tokyo Sky Tree in Tokyo
A new famous Tokyo spot linking information and the soul of Japan to the next generation.It is the tallest self-standing broadcasting tower in the world at 634 meters tall. As an architectural object as well, it will be the second tallest after Burj Khalifa (at 828 meters) in the United Arab Emirates.
Home Page
Engrossing Science Toys
Gadgets and toys bringing science closer to everyday experience are popular right now. The museum shop at the Science Museum in Tokyo’s Chiyoda Ward is stocked full of goods that will engross big and little kids alike.At the National Museum of Emerging Science,Paro was registered in the Guinness World Records as the world’s first “animal” therapy robot.
Shinkansen
The Shinkansen (Bullet Train) is the highspeed link all over Japan.Speeding along a maximum of 270 km/h, the trains travel the 560 km between Tokyo and Osaka in as little as 2 hours 30 minutes. The trip is made even more convenient, enjoyable and comfortable by the advanced, aerodynamic design of the trains and attentive service offered by railway staff.
Train Hotel
The popular Cassiopeia sleeper, which has earned the nickname of “a hotel on rails,” covers the 1,214 km distance between Tokyo’s JR Ueno Station and Sapporo in Hokkaido in 17 hours. All accommodations are in two-person private compartments equipped with washroom and toilet; some compartments also have showers.
Money-Saving Tickets
Japanese railway operators are adopting non-contact IC card-style tickets. These electronic cards can be pre-loaded with an amount of the user’s choice automatically when users go through a ticket gate, lightly against the card reader as they walk through. The cards can be used as electronic cash, to pay for buses,taxis, restaurants and convenience stores.
Fake food sample
Sushi for Souvenirs?
Think of Japanese cuisine and sushi is likely to be the first thing that comes to mind. But wouldn’t you be surprised if someone told you that you can take sushi home as a souvenir? Well, in case you’re wondering, we’re talking here about all kinds of products shaped to look exactly all foods.
Japanese Car
Japan is the world's largest automobile manufacturer and exporter, and has six of the world's ten largest automobile manufacturers. In addition to its massive automobile industry, Japan also is the home to the world's largest automotive companies such as Toyota, Honda, Nissan, Suzuki, Mitsubishi, Yamaha, Mazda, and Subaru.
Japanese Electonics
The Japanese electronics industry is the largest national electronics industry in the world.The industry enjoys a high concentration of leading companies, a dominant global market share, and a reputation for high quality products. Japanese companies have been responsible for a number of important innovations, including having pioneered the transistor radio and the Walkman.
Japanese Robot
Conceivable commercial applications of robots include any type of activity that a robot could do in the domestic or industrial field.Japanese scientists have foreseen many applications for their robots. They could be used in the hospitals, they may provide help for the elderly, they may be play-friends for children and they could replace humans in various activities.
Carbon Fiber
Today, carbon fibers are said to be a "dream material," but surprisingly, they were developed more than 40 years ago in Japan.Carbon fiber composite materials make up around 50% of the airplane.In addition, it is expected that automobiles can be made more fuel efficient by using carbon fiber composite materials in vehicle bodies to reduce the body weight.
Toilet seat with a washing feature
What are the things that foreigners coming to Japan were surprised or thrilled about? The answers ranked high were:Bullet train,Cherry-blossom,Bon-odori dance festival,Onigiri rice ball, Fake food sample, Fireworks and100-yen shop. They all are unique to Japan. But the number one answer was Toilet! The reason is multifunctional bidet toilet seat.
Rules are made to be broken
Cool Japan!?
There are mant rules what are made to be broken in Japan. For example, Bicycles are parked, despite a notice from police saying it is not allowed, on a sidewalk in Japan.
Onsen
In Japan, hot springs bubble up everywhere, and for hundreds of years Japanese people have enjoyed them mainly for health. Bathing at onsen is a great way to enjoy Japan.You might also be surprised to find that onsen waters come in different colors, green or black, for instance; many such waters are thought to help smooth the skin or relieve back pain.
Ryokan
There’s no better way to experience Japan’s traditions and culture than a stay at a traditional Japanese inn (Ryokan) experienced in the art of hospitality. Take a dip in hot springs, relax in a tatami room, wear a yukata and sleep on a futon. Treat yourself to the ultimate pleasure, enjoying the deep relaxation of the traditional atmosphere Ryokan..
Izakaya
In any country, there are places where you mainly go to eat and places you go to drink,but in Japan there is also a category,casual places where you go to eat and drink: Izakaya. These are most popular, and this is where all the Japanese themselves head in the evenings after work to relax with friends over a couple of drinks and some tasty but inexpensive food.
Green Tee
Green tea is the drink of choice in the morning after waking, as a break in the afternoon, or served to guests in a show of hospitality. Green tea is even taken outdoors to picnics and enjoyed during breaks at the office.In restaurants, tea is provided free of charge as soon as diners are seated, and refills are provided as often as requested.
Ramen
Ramen-noodles made of wheat flour, eggs, and kansui in a soup broth with various toppings-was brought to Japan from China around 1910.Ramen in Japan has since evolved in a variety of ways at different times and in different places, to become one of Japan's most well-loved comfort foods.Flavors of shoyu, miso (soybean paste), and tonkotsu (pork bone).
Soba
Japanese people like noodles a lot. Ramen noodles are one favorite, but when we say "noodles," we are probably thinking of udon or soba.The Japanese custom of finishing up the meal by mixing the hot water used to boil the noodles with the dipping sauce, then drinking the mixture. This makes a lot of sense, because the drink tastes good and is nutritious as well.
Tempura
Tempura is a simple type of traditional food where the ingredients are covered in a batter made from flour, egg, and cold water and then deep fried in oil, The deep fried ingredients center around seafood and vegetables, and particularly popular are white fish like shrimp, squid, and "kisu" (sand borer fish) for seafood and sweet potato, pumpkin, and eggplant for vegetables.
Shabu-shabu
It's a very good style for tasting Japamese beef.Quickly dip beef strips sliced even thinner than sukiyaki in a simmering broth, then dip them in sauce and eat. This dish brings out the true value of the tender and delicate Wagyu. Here the sauce is a big part of the flavor, with choices like sauce with ground sesame seeds and sauce made from citrus fruit juices.
Okonomiyaki
"Okonomiyaki" (savory pancakes) is a dish made by mixing ingredients like finely sliced squid, shrimp, pork, beef, and cabbage into a batter made from flour and grilling on a flat iron grill.Many places let customers grill their own okonomiyaki on large flat iron grills on top of the table. It is a lot of fun to grill up your own okonomiyaki with a group of friends or family.
Eating Eel
The Japanese love treats such as sushi, tempura and sukiyaki, and they also love eel.Eel is customarily eaten on the peak of the midsummer.Since the start of the 19th century, it has been a Japanese custom to eat eel during the hot summer in order to regain energy and stamina. People line up outside their favorite eel restaurants on the Midsummer Day of the Ox.
Mochi
In Japanese, when we say mochi, we are referring to rice cakes made of glutinous rice. (Glutinous means sticky.) First the rice is cooked. Then, it is pounded into paste. Lastly, it is molded into shape.Mochi is eaten all year round, but it is also traditional New Year’s food. It is very sticky and can stick in the throat. Every year some elderly people die at New Year’s from eating mochi.
Ozouni
We eat special dishes called “osechi” and a special soup called “ozouni” during the new year holiday.Ozoni is a rice cake and vegetable soup. Flavor and ingredients, including meat or fish and all kinds of vegetables, differ according to the region or family.A popular way to enjoy kagami-mochi is to add it to shiruko or zoni.
Osechi-ryori
Osechi-ryori are specially-prepared New Year's dishes to be eaten during the first three days of January. Most dishes are cooked in order to be preserved for at least three days so women don't have to cook during that period. Various kinds of beautifully-prepared dishes are set in four-tiered lacquer boxes.
Hanetsuki (Shuttlecock game)
Hanetsuki, played by young girls at New Year, resembles badminton. A wooden racket called a hagoita(battledore), on which is painted a beautiful picture, is used to hit a shuttlecock--a small, rounded piece with feathers attached--back and forth. Featuring cloth-embroidered human portraits, some battledores are also popular as beautiful ornaments.
Takoage (Kite-flying)
Japanese kites are usually square shaped, made with paper glued on a bamboo frame, and pictures of warriors or Kabuki actors are drawn on the surface together with Japanese writing. Tako-age used to be practiced to celebrate a child's growing up and to pray for the child's happiness in the future, but now it is enjoyed as a traditional New Year's activity.
Karuta (Card game)
Karuta are rectangular, like ordinary playing cards, with pictures or Japanese writing drawn on them. When playing, one player reads out a card for reading (yomi-fuda) and the other players compete to take the picture card (efuda) that matches it; the player who takes the most cards is the winner,played principally at New Year.
Ameyoko
Near Ueno stations,lies a 400-meter long shopping street called Ameyoko. It’s a dense cluster of nearly 400 shops, with a lively air filled with the cries of shopkeepers encouraging people to stop and examine their wares.It seems like almost everything is sold here-food items (mainly seafood and dried products), clothing, jewelry and miscellaneous bric-a-brac.
100yen Shop
When you sightsee in Japan, you will probably see 100yen shop everywhere.The great appeal of 100yen shop is, naturally, the low price,just-right quantities. At these stores, shoppers can find everything from miscellaneous household gadgets and interior decor items to stationery, daily necessities, cosmetics and apparel.
Sumo
Sumo is a combat sport where two Rikishis or Sumo wrestlers fight in the dohyo ring utilizing various winning techniques. Sumo has an official ranking list called "Banzuke",and the top, there is Yokozuna. Official grand Sumo tournaments are held 6 times a year. Each tournament lasts 15 days, and the Rikishi gaining the most wins takes first prize.
Ichiro Suzuki
Ichiro is a Japanese professional baseball outfielder for the New York Yankees of Major League Baseball. Ichiro has established a number of batting records, including the sport's single-season record for hits with 262. He had ten consecutive 200-hit seasons, the longest streak by any player, surpassing Wee Willie Keeler's streak of eight.
Kosuke Kitajima
Kitajima is a Japanese multiple Olympic gold medalist breaststroke swimmer. He won gold medals for the men's breaststroke at both the Athens 2004 and Beijing 2008 Olympics.At interview following his victory,Kitajima also popularised the phrase 'cho-kimochi-ii,' meaning "I feel really good." The word went on to win the 2004 U-Can Neoligisms and Vogue Words contest.
Hidetoshi Nakata
Nakata is a retired Japanese football player. He was one of the most famous Asian footballers of his generation.Nakata won the Asian Football Confederation Player of the Year,played for Japan in three FIFA World Cup tournaments and played in the Olympics twice,he was made the Knight of the Order of the Star of Italian Solidarity, one of Italy's highest honors.
Ken Watanabe
Watanabe is a Japanese stage, film, and television actor. To English-speaking audiences he is known for playing tragic hero characters in Letters from Iwo Jima and in The Last Samurai, for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.He is known for his roles in director Christopher Nolan's Hollywood blockbusters Batman Begins and Inception.
The most Famous Filipino in Japan
Manny is a Filipino professional boxer and politician. He is the most famous Filipino in Japan who respected.He is the first eight-division world champion,in which he has won ten world titles.He was named "Fighter of the Decade" for the 2000s (decade) by the Boxing Writers Association of America (BWAA), World Boxing Council (WBC) and World Boxing Organization (WBO).
  
      
 【What Day is Today?】
January 1 【Shogatsu】
New Year's Day / National Holiday
Shogatsu is the most important day of the year for most Japanese. People participant in various types of events and activities, and pray for good luck during the upcoming year.
Hatsumode (First Shrine Visit of the Year),People gather at shrines to pray for a healthy and fruitful new year.
January 7 【Nanakusa-gayu】
Seven-herb rice porridge
In Japan rice porridge(kayu) is one way to prepare rice(add lots of water to rice and boil until soft). And there is the custom of the day is eaten which has been enhanced by the seven spring herbs, such as Japanese parsley and shepherd's purse. Eating kayu on that day is said to ward off all kinds of diseases.
January 11 【Kagami-biraki】
It is an event that occurs when round mirror-shaped rice cakes (kagami-mochi), which have been on show in the alcove, are taken down and eaten. By the 11th, kagami mochi hardens and cracks, but, since it is a good luck charm,"cutting" it with a sharp edge is avoided and it is split open by hand or with a hammer. It is called kagami-biraki because the mochi is split opened.
January 2nd Monday 【Seijin-no-hi】
Coming of Age Day / National Holiday
Those whose 20th birthday falls between April of the preceding year and March of the current year celebrate their coming of age on this day. Girls dress in the most beautiful formal kimono with fur collars. The site is beautiful - have a camera on hand, but be sure to ask before you snap pics of them.
Feburuary 3 【Setsubun】
The eve of the first day of spring
Setsubun actually signifies "the parting of the seasons;" On the evening of this day, people yell, "Out with the ogre! In with the happiness!" while scattering parched soy beans inside and outside their homes. To pray for good health for that year, there is also the custom of eating only the number of soy beans as one's age.
February 11 【Kenkoku-kinen-no-hi】
National Founding Day / National Holiday
Even though it is called "kenkoku"(National Founding), it is, unlike Independence Day of the United States, not a specific historical date. It is based on the myth that the first Emperor Jinmu ascended to the throne on February 11; and that day, it was decided, was the beginning of Japan.
February 14 【Valentine's Day】
St.Valentine's Day
February 14 is Valentine's Day, but the day has been largely Japanized recently. It has become the day on which young women should give small gifts, commonly chocolate, not only to their boy friends, but also to their male colleagues or bosses, as a token of their love or good will.
March 3 【Hina-Matsuri】
Girls' Day
The day is an occasion to pray for young girls' growth and happiness. Most homes with girls display dolls for the Doll's Festival and dedicate to them peach blossoms, rice cake cubes, special colored and diamond-shaped rice cakes, white sake, and other items. The origin of hinamatsuri is from an ancient Chinese
.
March 14 【White Dayi】
White Day
On Valentine's Day in Japan,Woman usually give men chocolate to express their love.White Day is a unique Japanese custom return the gift to womwn.
The gifts returned on White Day are generally cookies or marshmallows, but recently many men instead invite women to dinner or give them jewelry.
Around March 21 【Shunbun-no-hi】
Vernal Equinox Day / National Holiday
The day when the sun reaches the vernal equinox, and the length of day and night is equal. In Japan, it is for venerating nature and cherishing all kinds of life. The seven-day period, including the three days immediately before and after Shunbun-no-hi, is called the spring equinoctial week(higan).
April 1 【April Fool】
April Fool's Day
April Fools' Day is celebrated in many countries on April 1 every year. Sometimes referred to as All Fools' Day, April 1 is not a national holiday, but is widely recognized and celebrated as a day when people play practical jokes and hoaxes on each other.
April 28 【Shukenkaifuku-no-hi】
The day that Japan recovered
The day that Japan recovered its sovereignty under the San Francisco Peace Treaty April 28, 1952. But another aspect of the peace treaty must not be forgotten. As it took effect, the Okinawa, Amami and Ogasawara islands were administratively separated from Japan and placed under the administrative rights of the United States.
April 29 【Showa-no-hi】
The Day of Showa / National Holiday
Since 2007. This day was used to be tencho setsu from 1927 to 1948, The birthday of former Emperor(Syowa Emperor) from 1949 to 1988, and midori no hi from 1989 to 2006. That is this was the day for ex-Emperor Showa.Since this is the official first day of golden week, there were many events here and there.
May 3 【Kenpo-kinen-bi】
Constitution Day / National Holiday
This as a day commemorate the present Constitution of Japan on May 3, 1947. Taking the Second World War into consideration, the Constitution of Japan renounced war.The fundamental spirit of the Constitution of Japan embraces sovereignty of the people and respect for fundamental human rights.
May 4 【Midori-no-hi】
Greenery Day / National Holiday
Given the Showa Emperor Hirohito's deep concern for the environment,the day has been renewed as a national holiday in the form of Greenery Day.The birthday of the Emperor Showa became the 'Greenery Day' , when the Heisei period started, and was left to remain as a national holiday.
May 5 【kodomo-no-hi】
Children's Day / National Holiday
It's for celebrating boys' growing up, but now it has become a day to celebrate children in general. On this day, families with boys set out Boy's Festival dolls, patterned after warriors and heroes, and fly carp streamers. Carp have the strength to even swim up waterfalls and as symbols of success in life.
May 2nd Sunday【Haha-no-hi】
Mother's Day
The second Sunday in May is Mother's Day. It's a special day to show your respect and appriciation of your mother's daily hard work. On Mother's Day, many people give carnations, the symbol for Mother's Day, to their mother. Some kids do cooking, cleaning and so on instead of their mothers.
Around June 21 【Geshi】
The summer solstice
The seasonal significance of the summer solstice is in the reversal of the gradually lengthening days and shortening nights.Worldwide, interpretation of the event has varied from culture,but most cultures have held a recognition of rebirth, involving holidays, festivals, gatherings, rituals around that time.
July 7 【Tanabata】
The Star Festival
This is the day on which the two lovers, Altair and Vega, are no longer separated by the Milky Way and come together once a year on this night.On this night people put little bamboo trees in their garden and decorate them with papers with wishes written on them. Such wishes are supposed to come true.
July 3rd Monday 【Umi-no-hi】
Marine Day / National Holiday
It is observed to boost people's awareness of the benefits of the sea and making a wish for the prosperity of maritime nation Japan. It came to a national holiday called " Umi-no-hi" in 1996.This holiday was originally celebrated on July 20, but since 2003, it has been celebrated on the third Monday of July.
Around late July 【Doyou-no-ushi-no-hi】
Day of the ox in midsummer
Doyo means 18 days before the first day of each season.The day called ushi-no-hi, which is translated literally as the day of the Ox, can be seen in the calendar that follows the twelve signs of the Chinese zodiac.On the day of the ox in midsummer Japanese have a custom to eat eel which started in the Edo period .
August 6 【Genbaku-no-hi】
Atomic Bomb Memorial Day
August 6,1945,the Atomic Bomb dropped on Hiroshima city. It was 8:15 AM. More than 100,000 people were killed.This day expresses the dire devastation of the bombing that occurred in those days, the sins of war, and the preciousness of peace in the future.
August 9 【Nagasaki Genbaku-no-hi】
Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Memorial Day
August 9,1945,the Atomic Bomb dropped on Nagasaki city. It was 11:02 AM. More than 140,000 people were killed.This day expresses the dire devastation of the bombing that occurred in those days, the sins of war, and the preciousness of peace in the future.
Mid-August 【Obon】
This is a In Buddhist event to hold a memorial service to the spirits of ancestors. Because the spirits of the dead are said to return at this time, fires are lit at the entrances to homes so the spirits do not lose their way, and, in addition to lanterns being lit inside homes, the Buddhist home alters.
August 15 【Shusen-kinenbi】
The day commemorating the end of the war
The Second World War ended with Japan's unconditional surrender on August 15, 1945. This day is observances are held in every area of the country to memorialize the war dead. It is a day to renew the determination to convey the memories of the wretched war to posterity and not to repeat a war again.
September 3rd Monday 【Keiro-no-hi】
Respect for the Aged Day / National Holiday
It is a day to honor the aged, celebrate their long life, pray for their good health in the future and deepen understanding on the issues of welfare for senior citizens.On this day, regional governments and respect-for-age associations organize events such as variety shows and they donate mementos.
September 21 【Kokusai-heiwa-day】
International Day of Peace
The International Day of Peace, sometimes unofficially known as World Peace Day, is observed annually on 21 September. It is dedicated to peace, and specifically the absence of war and violence, such as might be occasioned by a temporary ceasefire in a combat zone for humanitarian aid access.
Around September 23 【Shubun-no-hi】
Autumn Equinox Day / National Holiday
The week in is called the autumn equinoctial week, during which memorial services take place at temples and people visit graves to comfort the spirits of their ancestors.On this day,the length of day and night is the same. This period is a boundary marking the end of the summer heat and the coming of fall.
October 2nd Monday 【Taiiku-no-hi】
Health-Sports Day / National Holiday
It is to commemorate the opening of the Tokyo Olympics on October 10, 1964. Its purpose is to familiarize with sports and nurture physical and mental health. Sports flourish in autumn because the weather is good, but, especially on taiiku-no-hi, numerous school and regional athletic meets and sports tourneys are held.
November 3 【Bunka-no-hi】
Culture Day / National Holiday
It was for observing the birthday of the Meiji Emperor, but now it is a day dedicated to "the love of freedom and peace and the promotion of culture." On this day, along with cultural and art festivals , the government confers cultural service awards on individuals who have contributed to Japanese culture.
November 15 【Shichi-go-san】
A gala day for children of 3,5 and 7years of age
This is when prayers are offered for children's growth. Because odd numbers are auspicious in Japan,the ages of three and five for boys, three and seven for girls are celebrated. On this day, children dress up in their gala dresses and go with their parents to a Shinto shrine to pay a visit to the tutelary deity.
November 23 【Kinro-kansha-no-hi】
Labor Thanksgiving Day / National Holiday
It is for the people to honor labor, celebrate manufacturing.From ancient times, this day has been an observance known as the Shinto Harvest Festival, carried out at the imperial court.
For this, the Emperor dedicates that year's new rice to the gods and tastes it for the first time.
Around December 21 【Toji】
The winter solstice
The seasonal significance of the winter solstice is in the reversal of the gradually lengthening nights and shortening days.Worldwide, interpretation of the event has varied from culture,but most cultures have held a recognition of rebirth, involving holidays, festivals, gatherings, rituals around that time.
December 23 【Tenno-tanjo-bi】
Emperor's birthday / National Holiday
This is to celebrate the birth of the Emperor who is a symbol of Japan and a symbol of the unity of the Japanese people.Many people visit the Imperial Palace, and the Emperor and the Imperial family stand on the balcony of the Imperial Palace and greet those who come to offer congratulations.
December 25 【Kurisumasu】
Christmas
Most people in Japan, not only Christians, enjoy Christmas Eve by exchanging presents with family and sweethearts and by eating together. The strategy of department stores and businesses, which is to stimulate consumer desire, has created this sort of Christmas culture.
December 31 【Omisoka】
New Year's Eve
To welcome the new year with good feelings, a general house-cleaning is completed, the flooring rush mats(tatami) are re-covered and the sliding paper screens(shoji) are repapered by this date; family reunions are held and the whole family brings in New Year with a sense of togetherness.
 
      
 【Japanese History】
Jomon Period (BC1,300 - BC300)
During the Jomon period that extended from ten thousand years ago up to the fourth or third century B.C., people depended mainly on hunting, fishing and gathering for their livelihood. The Jomon people are credited with creating pottery vessels.
Jomon is the name of the era's pottery.Recent discoveries in Japanese archaeology include new pottery from the Jomon period.
Yayoi Period (BC300 - AD300)
The influences of foreign cultures and technology appeared, chief among them being rice cultivation.
The rice culture was imported into Japan around 100 BC. With the introduction of agriculture, social classes started to evolve, and parts of the country began to unite under land owners.A united kingdom called Yamatai said to be ruled by Queen Himiko flourished.
Kofun Period (late 3rd - early 7th century)
A center of power had developed in the fertile Kinai plain, and by about 400 AD the country was united as Yamato Japan with its political center in and around the province of Yamato (Nara Prefecture).
The Imperial and other powerful families took to building many huge tumuli (burial mounds of immense size called zenpokoenfun were built).
Nara Period (710 - 794)
"Nippon" and "Nihon" used today were adopted in the Nara period.The present-day city of Nara was the seat of the capital. This capital was called Heijokyo.Buddhism flourished in the middle of the 6th century in Japan under the protection of the state. It was during this period that the world's largest existing bronze sculpture - the Great Buddha of Todaiji temple - was built.
Heian Period (794 - 1185)
The capital was moved to present-day Kyoto.
Aristocrats under the emperor held actual power and controlled the government.Due to the development and spread of hiragana and katakana, world-renowned literary works such as the Tale of Genji by Murasaki Shikibu and Makura no Soshi by Seishonagon were created during this period.
Kamakura Period (1185 - 1333)
Kamakura period was the beginning of warrior clan politics. Bakufu was the name for a military regime in which the head of the warriors, the shogun, controlled political affairs. The emperor was simply a figurehead.
Bushido(Samurai Spirits)is the moral code of warriors which was gradually established between the Kamakura period to the Edo period.
Muromachi Period (1333 - 1573)
As the Bakufu lost power, the country entered the Warring States period of fighting and disorder. The Warring States period lasted 100 years.The practice of viewing cherry blossoms also began to spread.In 1542 the first Portuguese Jesuit missionaries,The Jesuit Francis Xavier arrived in Kyushu, and introduced firearms and christianity to Japan.
Azuchi-Momoyama Period (1573 - 1603)
Oda Nobunaga achieved control over the province of Owari (around the modern city of Nagoya) in 1559. As many other daimyo, he was keen in uniting Japan.In 1582, general Akechi murdered Nobunaga.Toyotomi Hideyoshi, a general fighting for Nobunaga, reacted very quickly, defeated Akechi, and took over control. Hideyoshi continued to eliminate remaining rivals.
Edo Period (1603 - 1867)
The Edo period is the 260-year span following Tokugawa Ieyasu's defeat of the Toyotomi Family and the establishment of a bakufu government in Edo (now Tokyo) in 1603.This period also saw the reinforcement of a status system, and externally, the establishment of a policy of national seclusion and the prohibition of Christianity.
Meiji Period (1868 - 1912)
In 1867/68, the Tokugawa era found an end in the Meiji Restoration. The emperor Meiji was moved from Kyoto to Tokyo which became the new capital; his imperial power was restored.Conflicts of interests in Korea between China and Japan led to the Sino-Japanese War in 1894-95.Between Russia and Japan, led to the Russo-Japanese War in 1904-05.
Taisho Period (1912 - 1926)
During the era of the weak emperor Taisho (1912-26), the political power shifted from the oligarchic clique to the parliament and the democratic parties.In the First World War, Japan joined the Allied powers, but played only a minor role in fighting German colonial forces in East Asia.After WW1, Japan's economical situation worsened. The Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923.
Showa Period (1926 - 1989)
The military established almost complete control over the government.The turning point in the WW2 was the battle 1942.From then on, the Allied forces slowly won back the territories occupied by Japan.US military forces dropped two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9,1945.On August 14, however, Emperor Showa finally decided to surrender unconditionally.
Heisei Period (1989 - )
The present period.
 
      
 【Japanese Proverbs】
Sakinzureba Hito wo Seisu
先んずれば人を制す (Take the initiative and you will win.)
First come, first served
The first in line will be attended to first.This is the penalty of lateness. Those who arrive early get a better choice.
Chiri mo Tsumoreba Yama to naru
ちりも積もれば山となる (Many a little dust makes a heap in time.)
A penny saved is a penny gained
By being thrifty one will be able to save up.
Ishi no Ue nimo 3 nen
石の上にも三年 (To sit on the stone for three long years.)
A rolling stone gathers no moss
A person who never settles in one place or who often changes his job will not succeed in life ,one who is always changing his mind will never get anything done.
Rui wa Tomo wo Yobu
類は友を呼ぶ (Like attracts like.)
Birds of a feather flock together
People of the same sort of character or belief always go together.Human beings with similar tastes or interests tend to come together in groups. The proverb is often used about people we disapprove of.
Ha ni Koromo Kisenu
歯に衣着せぬ (Say Straightly)
Call a spade a spade
If you say that someone calls a spade a spade, you mean that they speak frankly and directly, often about embarrassing or unpleasant subjects; an informal expression.
Shinin ni Kuchi Nashi
死人に口なし (The dead has no mouth.)
Dead men tell no tales
Death silences a man for ever. If he knows something in his lifetime that others do not want made public, he cannot reveal their secret when he is dead, so they are safe.
Fugen Jikko
不言実行 (Action without words.)
Actions speak louder than words
Children usually learn more from the examples set by their elders than from what they are told , a person's character is judged by the thing she does and not by what he says, actions give evidence or proof of.
Isogaba Maware / Seitewa koto wo Shisonjiru
急がば回れ (If you hurry, take a long but steady road.) / 急いては事をし損じる (You will fail if you hurry too much.)
Haste makes waste
If one does things hastily he will make a lot of mistakes he will need to spend a lot of time correcting those mistakes later.
Fukusui Bon ni Kaerazu
覆水盆に返らず (Spilt water doesn’t return to the tray.)
It's no use crying over spilt milk
It is pointless to feel remorseful over a thing lost that can never be found or a mistake done that can never be corrected or rectified.
Kiyou Binbo / Tagei ni Mugei
器用貧乏 (good at evrything but poor) / 多芸に無芸 (He who attempts everything masters nothing.)
Jack-of-all-trades and master of none
It Is a person who can do almost anything, but he rarely excels in any of them.
Tyori no Nai nowa Yoi Tayori
便りのないのは良い便り (No news is good news.)
No news is good news
When there is no news, it is likely that everything is all right.
Korobanu Saki no Tsue
転ばぬ先の杖 (It's better to carry a cane than it is to fall.)
Look before you leap
Avoid acting hastily, without considering the possible consequences.
Prevention is better than cure
It is better to be careful beforehand than to try to solve a problem after it has arisen.
Narau yori Narero
習うより慣れろ (Don't learn something, but get accustomed to it.)
Practice makes perfect
It is believed that if one practices a certain skill often, he will excel in it.He must do it himself and go on doing it, despite constant failures until he can do it without error.
Taiki Bansei / Rome wa Ichinichi ni Shite Narazu
大器晩成 (Great talent mature late.) / ローマは一日にしてならず (Rome was not built in a day.)
Rome was not built in a day
Any great plan or big dream cannot be achieved overnight or easily.
Kawaii Ko niwa Tabi wo Saseyo
かわいい子には旅をさせよ (Let your pretty child travel alone.)
Spare the rod and spoil the child
A child who is not punished and showed the error of his ways will become unruly.It does not improve a child’s character if he is not punished when he has done wrong.
Chinmoku wa Kin / Kuchi wa Wazawai no Moto
沈黙は金 (Silence is Gold) / 口は災いの元 (The mouth is the gate of evil.)
Speech is silver, silence is golden
Talk may be beneficial, but sometimes acquiescence may be the best option to take.Gold is more precious than silver, and there are times when it is better to be silent than to speak.
Tetsu wa Atsui Uchi ni Ute
鉄は熱いうちに打て (Strike while the iron is hot.)
Strike while the iron is hot
Iron when it is red-hot is more easily bent and moulded than when it is cold. It should be struck before it has had time to cool down. Hence ‘to strike while the iron is hot’ is to choose the right moment to act, or to take advantage of a sudden opportunity.
Hino Nai Tokoro ni Kemuri wa Tatanu
火のないところに煙は立たぬ (Where there's no fire, there's no smoke.)
There's no smoke without fire
This refers to rumours, the argument being that all rumours are based on fact; that although some may doubt that is passing from mouth to mouth, there must be some truth in it, however little.
Saigetsu Hito wo Matazu
歳月人を待たず (Time and tide wait for no one.)
Time and tide wait for no one
Do not delay taking action. If you wish to put to sea, do not miss the tide. Neither tide nor time will tarry for you. In a wider sense, if an opportunity presents itself, decide quickly and act promptly.
Sannin Yoreba Monju no Chie
三人寄れば文殊の知恵 (Out of the counsel of three people comes wisdom.)
Two heads are better than one
It is always better to get the view of another than to rely entirely on one's own judgment.It is an advantage to confer with somebody else before reaching an important decision.
Go ni Iritewa Go ni Shitagae
郷に入れば郷に従え (When you're in a new community, follow its people.)
When in Rome do as the Romans do
If you are away from home, adapt yourself to your surroundings and to the local customs. Don’t expect the people there to alter their way of life just to please you.
Oni no Inu Ma ni Sentaku
鬼の居ぬ間に洗濯 (To refresh oneself while the devil is away.)
When the cat is away the mice will play
This is a very old proverb, dating back to the sixteenth century. It means that when the person in authority is away, those under him will take advantage of his absence.
Hito wa Mikake ni Yoranumono
人は見かけによらぬもの (You cannot judge a person by his looks.)
Don't judge a book by its cover
Do not be deceived by appearances.
Chi wa Mizu yorimo Koi
血は水よりも濃い (Blood is thicker than water.)
Blood is thicker than water
Family ties are stronger than any other.‘Thank God we can choose our friends.’ Kinship, however, is a very strong tie, and help is often given not for the sake of individual but for the sake of the family.
Saru Mono wa Hibi ni Utoshi
去る者は日々に疎し (Those who depart are soon forgotten.)
Out of sight, out of mind
You will soon forget friends you do not meet or keep in contact with.We cease to worry about anything that can no longer be seen.
Honmatsu Tento
本末転倒 (Getting one's priorities wrong)
Don't put the cart before the horse.
To do something in an incorrect order.The proverb means that we should not get things back to front, but should deal with them in their right order.
Shinjitsu wa Shosetsu yorimo Ki nari
真実は小説よりも奇なり (Truth is stranger than fiction.)
Truth is stranger than fiction.
More curious things happen in real life than have ever been invented by writers of sensational stories. We often use the saying when we hear of some remarkable occurrence.
Gojyuppo Hyappo
五十歩百歩 (There's only a fifty-step difference.)
A miss is as good as a mile
Whether you have missed your objective by a narrow margin or a wide one, you have still failed.Something that one already has is better than something that one may not be able to get.
Mi kara Deta Sabi
身から出たさび (The rust that came out from one’s own body.)
As you make your bed so must you lie on it
Should you make your bad badly, you will probably have an uncomfortable night. In much the same way, all of us are responsible for the consequences of our actions, so we must put up with them.
Akusen Mi ni Tsukazu
悪銭身につかず (Ill-gotten money is soon spent)
Easy come, easy go
Those who get money without effort usually squander it.
Ashita wa Ashita no Kaze ga Fuku
明日は明日の風が吹く (Tomorrow, another wind will blow.)
Tomorrow is another day
We should not behave as if this were the last day. There is always another day tomorrow, and always the hope that things will get better in the future.
Achira wo Tatereba Kochira ga Tatanu
あちらを立てればこちらが立たぬ (When you please me, you may make somebody else sad.)
You Can't Please Everyone
There is an often quoted proverb which states that you can please some of the people, some of the time, but you can't please all of the people, all of the time.
Abu Hachi Torazu
あぶはち取らず (If you run after both a horsefly and a bee, you will end up catching neither.)
A door must either be shut or open
You cannot have it shut and open at the same time. You must have one thing or the other, so make up your mind which you want.

Arashi no Mae no Shizukesa
嵐の前の静けさ (After a calm comes a storm.)
After a calm comes a storm
People or weather cannot stay in calm for very long, storm times will follow.
Iu wa Yasuku Okonau wa Gatashi
言うは易く行うは難し (It's easier to say than to do.)
Easier said than done.
It is easier to talk about doing a thing than it is to do it. It is easier to give advice than to put it into practice.
Ichinan Satte Mata Ichinan
一難去ってまた一難 (Out of a difficulty, another one waits.)
Out of frying pan into the fire
If you get out of one problem, but find yourself in a worse situation, you are out of the frying pan, into the fire.
Isseki Nicho / Ikkyo Ryotoku
一石二鳥 (To kill two birds with one stone.) / 一挙両得 (Two profit with one action.)
To kill two birds with one stone
To do two things at the same time using the effort needed to do only one.
Uwasa wo Sureba Kage
噂をすれば影 (With a rumor of someone, that someone casts his/her shadow.)
Talk of the devil and he is sure to appear.
A reference to someone who appears unexpectedly while being talked about.We say this jokingly in shortened from when we are joined by a person we have just been talking about.
E ni Kaita Mochi
絵に描いた餅 (A Piece of rice cake painted in a picture.)
Pie in the sky
A promise of heaven, while continuing to suffer in this life.
Kabe ni Mimi Ari Shoji ni Me Ari
壁に耳あり障子に目あり (Walls have ears and shoji screen doors have eyes.)
Walls have ears
Be careful what you say and where you say it. There my be someone lurking on the other side of the wall, or, to bring the proverb up to date, there my be a hidden microphone in the wall.
Koketsu ni Irazunba Koji wo Ezu
虎穴に入らずンんば虎児を得ず (You cannot catch a tiger's cub unless you enter the den.)
No pain, no gain
A period of pain in exchange of a period of enjoyment in future, supported by what is gained, life seems like a constant repitition of exchanging, or investing, to put it in other ways.
Shitasiki Naja nimo Reigi Ari
親しき仲にも礼儀あり (There should be courtesy even between close friends.)
A hedge between keeps friendship green
We remain better friends if we do not see too much of one another. Our neighbour does not live in our house and we do not live in his.
Ja no Michi wa Hebi
蛇の道は蛇 (Snakes follow the way of serpents.)
Set a thief to catch a thief
A thief knows all the tricks of the game, so it is best fitted to catch others engaged in it.
Toki wa Kane Nari
時は金なり (Time is money.)
Time is money
Time is as valuable as money. To waste time is as expensive as to waste money. Neither should be squandered.
Toranu Tanuki no Kawazanyo
捕らぬ狸の皮算用 (To estimate the value of the skin of a raccoon dog before catching one.)
Don’t count your chickens before they are hatched It is a mistake to assume that because your hen is sitting on a dozen of eggs you will have twelve chickens, since some, perhaps even all of the, may be bad and not hatch.
Nido Arukoto wa Sando Aru
二度あることは三度ある (What happens twice happens three times.)
It never rains but it pours
‘It never rains without pouring.’ The meaning is that events, especially misfortunes, always come together.
Nikumarekko Yo ni Habakaru
憎まれっ子世にはばかる (Those who are hated lives tough.)
There’s a black sheep in every flock
This implies that there is a scoundrel in every family – a ne’er-do-well who is a is a disgrace to his parents and relatives.
Uogokoro Areba Mizugokoro
魚心あれば水心 (Fish mind and water mind.)
You scratch my back and I'll scratch yours
You praise me and I will praise you; you flatter me and I will flatter you. Such a reciprocal arrangement has been described as a Mutual Admiration Society with a membership of two.
Shippai wa Seiko no Moto
失敗は成功の元 (Failure is base of success.)
He who makes no mistakes makes nothing
The person who is so careful that he never makes a mistake is unlikely to achieve anything of real value. If you don’t know how to do something, have a go, don’t be afraid of being wrong.
Zen wa Isoge
善は急げ (Good deeds should be done quickly without hesitation.)
He who hesitates is lost
This applies to any situation where an opportunity is lost through failure to make up one’s mind.
Hayaoki wa Sanmon no Toku
早起きは三文の得 (Early risers earn three cents more.)
The early bird catches the worm
Good advice to those who get up late in the morning, or miss opportunities by not acting promptly. Of course there is the other side of it: the worm was also up early.
Hajime Yokereba Subete Yoshi
始めよければ終わりよし (Well begun is well done.)
Well begun is half done
If you start a thing badly it takes a long time to finish it, because the bad start seriously affects the later work. But if you make a good start, everything follows naturally and easily.
Hyakubun wa Ikken ni Shikazu
百聞は一見にしかず (One look is worth a thousand words.)
Seeing is believing
Many people are reluctant to believe a thing unless they can see it.
Hi ni Abura wo Sosogu
火に油を注ぐ (Throw fuel on the fire.)
Pouring oil on the fire is not the way to quench it
If you wish to pacify a man who has lost his temper, don’t say anything that it likely to make him angrier than ever.
Mekuso Hanakuso wo Warau
目くそ鼻くそを笑う (The Eye mucus laughs at the nasal mucus.)
The pot calls the kettle black
The soot from an open fire blackens the kooking utensils placed upon it, and the pot becomes no less blackened than the kettle.
Me niwa Me wo, Ha niwa Ha wo
目には目を、歯には歯を (An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth.)
An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth
The meaning of the principle, an eye for an eye, is that a person who has injured another person receives the same injury in compensation.
Mago nimo Isho
馬子にも衣装 (Clothes makes even a horse driver look fine.)
Fine feathers make fine birds
The chaffinch is much more than colourful and attractive than the house of sparrow, yet they are of the same family; they are both finches, and without their feathers they would be identical in appearance.
Ron yori Shoko
論より証拠 (Proof is stronger than reason.)
The proof of pudding is in the eating
We cannot judge the wisdom or prudence of any action until it has been put into practice.
Warau Kado niwa Fuku Kitaru
笑う門には福来たる (You will get happy as laughing.)
Laugh and grow fat
This is merely encouragement to be cheerful rather than solemn. Lean people tend to be more solemn than fat ones. So laugh and grow fat like the cheerful ones.
Yoku Asobi, Yoku Manabe
よく遊び、よく学べ (Play well, study/work well)
All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy
We should not always be working. Unless we can enjoy some form of recreation, we become stale and our work suffers in consequence.
Warenabe ni Tojibuta
破れ鍋に綴蓋 (A broken pot and a cover)
Every Jack must have his Jill
This consolatory proverb tells us that everyone gets a mate in the end. Jack and Jill here stand for man and woman.